Bariatric Surgery

Bariatric surgery is a surgical procedure designed to help individuals with severe obesity achieve significant and sustainable weight loss. It is often recommended for those who have unsuccessfully tried other weight loss methods, such as diet and exercise, and who are at risk of serious health complications due to obesity.

Types of Bariatric Surgery:

1. Gastric Bypass Surgery: This procedure involves creating a small pouch at the top of the stomach and rerouting the small intestine to connect to this pouch. It restricts the amount of food the stomach can hold and reduces the absorption of calories and nutrients.

2. Sleeve Gastrectomy: In this procedure, a large portion of the stomach is removed, leaving a smaller, banana-shaped sleeve. It reduces the stomach’s capacity and decreases the production of appetite-regulating hormones, leading to reduced hunger and calorie intake.

3. Gastric Banding: Also known as laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, this procedure involves placing a silicone band around the upper part of the stomach to create a smaller stomach pouch. The band can be adjusted to control the size of the opening between the pouch and the rest of the stomach.

Requirements for Bariatric Surgery:

Bariatric surgery is typically considered for individuals who have a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher, or a BMI of 35 or higher with obesity-related health conditions such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, or sleep apnea. Candidates for surgery must also have attempted to lose weight through lifestyle changes without success and be committed to making lifelong dietary and behavioural changes post-surgery.

Before undergoing bariatric surgery, patients undergo a comprehensive evaluation to assess their overall health, nutritional status, and readiness for surgery. They may also receive counselling and support to prepare them for the physical and emotional challenges associated with significant weight loss and lifestyle changes.

In conclusion, bariatric surgery offers a powerful solution for individuals struggling with severe obesity, providing them with the opportunity to achieve long-term weight loss and improve their overall health and quality of life. However, it is essential to carefully consider the risks and benefits of surgery and to work closely with a multidisciplinary healthcare team to ensure the best possible outcomes.

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